The Basics of Law


Law is the basis for order in a society and serves a number of purposes. These include establishing standards, maintaining order, resolving disputes and protecting liberties and rights. The subjects of law are vast and range from contract law to constitutional law to forensic science to international law. Law influences politics, economics, history and social relations in countless ways. Law also provides a rich source of study for many disciplines including legal history, philosophy, political science and economic analysis.

Normative and prescriptive statements in the law are of a different nature from those in empirical sciences (such as the law of gravity) or social science (like the law of supply and demand). Instead, the law primarily regulates people’s actions and requires that they comply with certain requirements.

The law shapes everyday life in a variety of ways, reflecting the diverse needs and concerns of a diverse society. The following topics are some of the main areas of law:

Criminal Law

Dispute Resolution
The primary purpose of law is to promote the safety and security of all members of a society. The law is intended to protect people’s personal and property rights, and the right to free expression. It also establishes the consequences of illegal conduct.

Constitutional Law

The constitutional law of a country defines fundamental principles and fundamental values that form the foundation for a democracy. This includes preserving individual liberty, guaranteeing a free press, the right to vote, equal treatment and the separation of church and state.

Civil Law

The civil law is a legal system that is based on court decisions rather than statutes passed by a legislature. It includes the law of contracts, the law of torts and the law of evidence.

Family Law

Generally, family law refers to any legal issue that involves a person’s family, such as divorce, custody and child support. It also encompasses other issues related to family relationships, such as adoption and emancipation.

Labour Law

Labor law is the study of the tripartite industrial relationship between worker, employer and trade union, encompassing issues such as workplace safety, wages and labour regulations. Administrative Law